A CircuitPython driver library that implements the Adafruit_BusDevice library for interfacing with the Cirque Pinnacle (1CA027) touch controller used in Cirque Circle Trackpads.
- Use SPI or I2C bus protocols to interface with the Pinnacle touch controller ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuit).
- Relative mode data reporting (AKA Mouse mode) with optional tap detection.
- Absolute mode data reporting (x, y, & z axis positions).
- AnyMeas mode data reporting. This mode exposes the ADC (Analog to Digital Converter) values and is not well documented in the numerous datasheets provided by the Cirque corporation about the Pinnacle (1CA027), thus this is a rather experimental mode.
- Hardware input buttons’ states included in data reports. There are 3 button input lines on the Cirque circle trackpads – see Pinout section.
- Configure measurements for finger or stylus (or automatically detirmine either) touch events. The Cirque circle trackpads are natively capable of measuring only 1 touch point per event.
- Download/upload the underlying compensation matrix for ADC measurements.
- Adjust the ADC matrix gain (sensitivity).
The SPI protocol is the preferred method for interfacing with more than 1 Cirque circle
trackpad from the same MCU (microcontroller). The Cirque Pinnacle does not allow
changing the I2C slave device address (via software); this means only 1 Cirque circle trackpad
can be accessed over the I2C bus in the lifecycle of an application. That said, you could change
the I2C address from
0x2C by soldering a 470K ohm resistor at the junction
labeled “ADR” (see picture in Pinout section), although this is untested.
- The legacy PS\2 interface is pretty limited and not accessible by some CircuitPython MCUs. Therefore, it has been neglected in this library.
- Cirque’s circle trackpads ship with the newer non-AG (Advanced Gestures) variant of the Pinnacle touch controller ASIC. Thus, this library focuses on the the non-AG variant’s functionality via testing, and it does not provide access to the older AG variant’s features (register addresses slightly differ which breaks compatibility).
The above picture is an example of the Cirque GlidePoint circle trackpad. This picture is chosen as the test pads (larger copper circular pads) are clearly labeled. The test pads are extended to the 12-pin FFC/FPC cable connector (the white block near the bottom). The following table shows how the pins are connected in the examples (tested on an ItsyBitys M4)
|SCK||SCK||SPI clock line|
|SO||MISO||Master Input Slave Output|
|SS||D7||Slave Select (AKA Chip Select)|
|DR||D2||“data ready” interrupt|
|SI||MOSI||SPI Master Output Slave Input|
|B2||N/A||Hardware input button #2|
|B3||N/A||Hardware input button #3|
|B1||N/A||Hardware input button #1|
|SCL||SCL||I2C clock line|
|SDA||SDA||I2C data line|
|VDD||3V||3V power supply|
Of course, you can capture button data manually (if your application utilizes more than 3 buttons), but if you connect the pins B1, B2, B3 to momentary push buttons that (when pressed) provide a path to ground, the Pinnacle touch controller will report all 3 buttons’ states for each touch (or even button only) events.
Model Labeling Scheme¶
[yyyxxx] stands for the vertical & horizontal width of the trackpad, respectively.
[i] stands for the hardwired interface protocol (3 = I2C, 4 = SPI). Notice, if there is a resistor populated at the R1 (470K ohm) junction (located just above the Pinnacle ASIC), it is configured for SPI, otherwise it is configured for I2C.
[cc] stands for Custom Configuration which describes if a 470K ohm resistor is populated at junction R4. “30” (resistor at R4 exists) means that the hardware is configured to disable certain features despite what this library does. “00” (no resistor at R4) means that the hardware is configured to allow certain features to be manipulated by this library. These features include “secondary tap” (thought of as “right mouse button” in relative data mode), Intellimouse scrolling (Microsoft patented scroll wheel behavior – a throw back to when scroll wheels were first introduced), and 180 degree orientation (your application can invert the axis data anyway).
[o] stands for the overlay type (0 = none, 1 = adhesive, 2 = flat, 3 = curved)
This driver depends on:
Please ensure all dependencies are available on the CircuitPython filesystem. This is easily achieved by downloading the Adafruit library and driver bundle.
How to Install¶
This library is deployed to pypi.org, so you can easily install this library
pip3 install circuitpython-cirque-pinnacle or use the following
git clone https://github.com/2bndy5/CircuitPython_Cirque_Pinnacle.git cd CircuitPython_Cirque_Pinnacle python3 setup.py install
To install globally, prefix the last command with
Contributions are welcome! Please read our Code of Conduct before contributing to help this project stay welcoming.
Sphinx is used to build the documentation based on rST files and comments in the code. First, install dependencies (feel free to reuse the virtual environment from above):
python3 -m venv .env source .env/bin/activate pip install Sphinx sphinx-rtd-theme
Now, once you have the virtual environment activated:
cd docs sphinx-build -E -W -b html . _build/html
This will output the documentation to
docs/_build/html. Open the index.html in your browser to
view them. It will also (due to -W) error out on any warning like Travis will. This is a good way to
locally verify it will pass.
Table of Contents¶
- About the lite version
- PinnacleTouch API
- Accepted Constants
- Relative or Absolute mode
- AnyMeas mode
- SPI & I2C Interfaces